HMUN China 2019

2019年3月21日-24日 (中国北京)

主办方:哈佛大学模拟联合国 (HMUN)

联合主办方:嘉朋汉坊教育集团 (Alpha Partners Education)

卓越学术|国际盛会|哈佛体验|多元社交

组委会咨询电话:400-6656-176

哈佛大学模拟联合国大会中国会议 (HMUN China) 是亚洲范围内学术水平及国际化程度最高 的中学生模拟联合国会议之一。来自全球十余国家的1200名精英中学生汇聚北京,共同辩论与磋商国际热点问题,在竞争与合作中提升领导力与国际视野。作为已有 66 届会议历史的哈佛大学模拟联合国大会 (HMUN) 的重要全球分会,哈佛模联中国会议已在中国成功举办九届。将于2019年 3月21日至24日在北京举办的第十届哈佛模联中国会议,沿承会议传统并持续学术创新,致力于为参会代表打造充满挑战和收获的学术与社交体验。

会议特色 | Conference Highlights

追求卓越的学术标准

HMUN China将邀请到19位来自哈佛大学的会议指导和组委会工作人员,他们是学识渊博、经验丰富的模联主席团成员,将全程主持各委员会会议,并历时一年为代表们撰写出最全面、最具时效性的议题研究指南。HMUN China注重会议过程给代表们带来的学术体验与教育价值,使参会学生在准备和参与会议的过程中,充分锻炼公众演讲、团队合作、谈判磋商、书面表达能力及领导才能,同时提升国际视野、理解错综复杂的国际形势。

精英荟萃的国际会议

HMUN China是一次汇聚精英的国际模联会议,来自全球十余个国家有着不同文化背景和学习经历的代表们聚首北京,在为期四天的模联会议中紧密交流与合作,以联合国各成员国外交官的身份共同辩论国际热点问题,在多元化群体中提升交流能力、建立国际友谊。尽管许多与会代表的母语并不是英语,来自全球各地的年轻人在会议过程中将用英语演讲与辩论,以全球公民的视角共商互利共赢的解决方案。

汇聚北京的哈佛体验

HMUN China致力于将真正的联合国精神与哈佛模联经典的学术体验原汁原味地带到北京,使代表们通过会议之前深入细致的议题调研、会议期间充分有效的激烈辩论,体会合作与对话的外交精神,掌握严谨的问题分析方法。来自哈佛大学的会议指导们将通过 “哈佛论坛”及会议间歇期与代表们交流,为参会代表近距离了解哈佛大学课程设置、校园生活、课外活动等资讯提供绝佳机会。

丰富多元的社交活动

沿承哈佛模联的传统,HMUN China在四天会议之中的间歇期安排了丰富多彩的特色活动,使代表们在紧张激烈的会议之余放松身心、增进友谊和开拓视野。地球村不仅使代表们大开眼界,了解各自代表国家的文化,更为多才多艺的代表们提供了表演的平台;舞会为代表们营造轻松愉悦的气氛,增进年轻人之间的交流与友谊;哈佛论坛使代表们有机会近距离对话哈佛优秀学子;会前会后的短途旅行机会更使远道而来的各地参会者有机会在较短时间内充分体验北京的城市魅力。

委员会设置 | Committees

16个委员会,多元化议题设置

HMUN China 2019共设置16个会议规模及专注领域不同的委员会,为参会代表提供多元化的委员会及议题选择,无论是第一次参加会议的模联新手还是经验丰富的行家里手,无论是关心国际安全、人道主义,还是对自然环境、科学技术更感兴趣,参会者都能在会议中找到适合自身兴趣与能力的委员会。

三大委员会分类

HMUN China 2019所设置的16个委员会共分为三大类别,分别为联合国大会、联合国经济及社会理事会与区域性国际组织、特殊职能机构。除传统的联合国下设机构外,大会秉承学术创新的理念,设置了历史委员会、非政府组织等特殊委员会,使代表们能够以不同视角观察与探讨国际问题。本届会议还设置了以中国历史为主题的特殊职能机构,代表们将有机会扮演三国时期的谋士将领,或近代上海青帮的重要人物。

联合国大会是联合国系统内最为重要的机构之一。全部193个成员国在联合国大会均有一个席位。大会遵循平等的“一国一票”原则。联合国大会有讨论《联合国宪章》内任何问题或事项的权力,并向会员国和安理会提出建议。在大型委员会的充分辩论中,代表们既要充分维护自己所代表国家的利益,考虑盟友的诉求,又要对整个委员会的进程负责。

裁军与国际安全委员会

Disarmament and International Security Committee

议题: 致命自主武器系统 Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems
Director:Angie Cui  会议指导介绍
  • Class year: 2020
  • Hometown: New York City, NY
  • Favorite place: Chelsea Market, NYC
  • Favorite food: Homemade Dumplings
  • Favorite leader: Samantha Power
  • Favorite album: Blonde, Frank Ocean
  • Spirit animal: Tiger
  • Favorite MUN moment: Attending HMUN Boston for the first time as a freshman in High School!
Advice for new delegates:
Speak thoughtfully and confidently, and be open to learning from and engaging with your peers. Being a delegate in DISEC may feel like an overwhelming experience, but at the end of the day, you're here for the weekend to consider topics you may have known little about previously and to hopefully meet some new friends!
  议题详述Conflicts over natural resources have always existed, but compounded with issues of resource scarcity and climate change, these tensions are now increasingly being used by state and non-state actors as leverage for political influence. There are two main ways to frame tension over resources in the context of international security: the direct or indirect deployment of natural resources as strategic or tactical weapons, and the use of disputes over scarce or unequally distributed resources to escalate existing tensions into potential military conflicts. In both instances, natural resources are a potent force in war because they create social unrest that often leads to political unrest, acting as a threat multiplier and exacerbating existing interstate tensions. The increase in conflicts effected by confrontations regarding natural resources indicates that a new geopolitical landscape in which state actors maybe more inclined to use direct force, or at least threaten the use of force, to gain control over valuable resources. The use of natural resources as foreign policy tools or weapons in conflict blurs legal and political lines, and lies in jurisdiction largely outside of existing international combative legislation.
Note: The Disarmament and International Security Committee is a single-topic committee.
  委员会欢迎信

Dear Delegates,

Welcome to Harvard Model United Nations China 2018! I am so excited to meet you all in Beijing this March as the director the Disarmament and International Security Committee (DISEC).

I am a sophomore at Harvard concentrating in Social Studies, Harvard’s interdisciplinary umbrella concentration for all of the social sciences. I am also pursuing a language citation in Mandarin, for which I’m hoping my time in Beijing staffing HMUN China will be an added bonus! I was born and raised in New York City, which means I walk and talk a little too quickly for my own good, am an avid self-proclaimed foodie, and have a bit of a superiority complex about NYC being the best place in the world (feel free to challenge me on this, though).

In this committee, you will be challenged to think about the ways in which our conception of warfare in the 21st century are evolving through the case studies of the weaponization of natural resources and development of lethal autonomous weapon systems. It is my hope that by the end of HMUN China, you will be able to propose some answers to questions that concern the very nature of modern conflict resolution. I hope that this committee will allow delegates — MUN veterans and newbies alike — to push themselves in thinking about this topic. Please do not hesitate to reach out to me with any questions or concerns, or just to introduce yourself! I cannot wait to meet you all at conference!

Yours,

Angie Cui

Director, Disarmament and International Security Committee

disec@hmunchina.org

社会、文化和人道主义委员会

Social, Cultural, and Humanitarian Committee

议题:妇女儿童人口贩卖 Trafficking of Women and Girls
Director:Nick Stauffer-Mason  会议指导介绍
  • Class year: 2020
  • Hometown: Washington, DC
  • Favorite place: Barcelona
  • Favorite leader: Hillary Clinton
  • Favorite food: Grapes
  • Spirit animal: Cat
  • Favorite album: Bach's Toccata and Fugue in D Minor
  • Favorite MUN moment: My favorite MUN moment is when I gave my first speech in front of a 400-person General Assembly. Terrifying as it was, this moment was chilling, awe-inspiring, and empowering, and still to this day in my mind encapsulates the challenging, transformative experience that is participating in Model U.N.
Advice for new delegates:
Take risks. Model U.N. is one of the only opportunities you'll have to try something new—whether it's a policy solution, a line in a speech, or a strategy for negotiation—in a low-risk, low-stakes environment. I would thus highly encourage you to be bold, be confident, and experiment when you walk into committee. It'll be a lot harder when you're an ambassador, CEO, or president.
议题详述The year is 2018, and the nation-state is ripping apart at the seams. Even as an increasingly integrated international order erases national borders from above, another, more nebulous force is breaking states apart from within—an increasing drive for national secession. Recent history is full of examples of groups or regions attempting to secede from their home countries, with varying degrees of success. In 2011, South Sudan seceded from Sudan, becoming the world’s youngest country. Catalonia, the largest province in Spain, voted in 2014 to become an independent state, but has since been blocked by the Spanish government. After what many saw as a thinly veiled invasion by Russia, Ukraine’s eastern regions seceded in 2014, though the U.N. voted to condemn this action and not to recognize the separation. The legality of secession remains unclear. In the past, the U.N. and its Member States have responded to each individual case in different ways and based on different standards. Now, your task is to lay out an international framework for dealing with national secession, to clarify once and for all how national secession fits into the existing international order and define international community’s role in mediating separatism around the world. There are many open questions about how a push for regional independence fits into the existing international order. First and foremost, is there a “right to secede?” Does the right to self-determination in the U.N. Charter mean a blanket right to separate from one’s nation? Or is secession only allowable in the presence of certain conditions, like a history of oppression or abuse? Is it even appropriate for the international community to take a stand on what are essentially internal political disputes, which some would argue is a violation of national sovereignty? Even if it is legal, the separation of one nation for another is an incredibly complicated process. What, if anything, should the international community do to streamline the process and keep the peace when one nation becomes two? In light of these many considerations, what should the international community respond to recent and potential cases of secession like South Sudan, Ukraine, Scotland, and Catalonia? Though these questions and the regions they deal with may seem small, this topic is of global importance. If there is a blanket right to secession, enforced and supported by the U.N., the world’s states could splinter apart; if secession is never recognized under international law, then the current political order is frozen in perpetuity. You, delegates, will chart the way. At stake is nothing more than the world as we know it.
Note: The Social, Cultural, and Humanitarian Committee is a single-topic committee.
委员会欢迎信

Dear Delegates,

Welcome to HMUN China 2018! My name is Nick Stauffer-Mason, and I’ll be directing the Special Political and Decolonization committee (SPECPOL). I am so excited to be directing at HMUN China this year—Model UN was a big part of my high school experience and remains a big part of my life in college. I want to make HMUN China a transformative experience for each and every delegate, and I can’t wait to meet you at the conference!

A little bit about me. I’m a sophomore at Harvard, and I’m planning to study Social Studies, Government, or Economics. Outside of Model UN, I volunteer at a legal aid organization for low-income people, participate in the Harvard College Democrats, and am a member of the Harvard College Consulting Group, a student-run business organization. When I’m not studying or pretending to be a country at a conference like HMUN China, you can probably find me sleeping, watching Netflix, obsessing over social media, or sampling Harvard Square’s many eateries.

The topic of this committee is profoundly interesting. You and your fellow delegates will be working to lay out an international framework for dealing with national secession around the world. Along the way you’ll be debating issues including national sovereignty, international law and intervention, post-conflict statebuilding, political rights, and many more. At stake is nothing more than the world as we know it.

Please do not hesitate to reach out if you have any questions—I’m here as a resource for you as you prepare for and participate in the conference. I will be here to support you every step of the way, from the minute you read this and start your research to when you first step into the committee room to when we pass a resolution after four long days of debate and diplomacy.

Best of luck!

Nick Stauffer-Mason

Director, Special Political and Decolonization Committee

specpol@hmunchina.org

特别政治和非殖民化委员会

Special Political and Decolonization Committee

议题:待定 Competitive Authoritarianism in the Global South
Director:Jenna Wong  会议指导介绍
  • Class year: 2020
  • Hometown: Concord, MA
  • Favorite place: New York City
  • Favorite leader Elizabeth Warren
  • Favorite food: Xiao Long Bao
  • Spirit animal: A sloth!
  • Favorite Album: Oh Wonder's debut album
  • Favorite MUN moment: The International Bazaar at our college-level Model UN conference in Boston was an incredible opportunity to interact with students from around the world. This is what makes MUN so special - it truly has opened my eyes to different cultures and places from around the world.
Advice for New Delegates:
Don't be nervous! I truly believe that each person has something new, valid, and important to contribute, especially on a topic as complex as transitional justice. Do research ahead of time, think about the specific consequences of this subject on the country you're representing, and take risks throughout the weekend. Speak your mind, listen to others, and remember, you're here to learn. If you have any concerns at any time, please reach out to me! I really care about making sure you're comfortable in committee :)
  议题详述

Human history is littered with cases of state-sanctioned violence against civilians, from the ghastly fates of los desaparecidos during the Dirty War in Argentina to the deaths of Syrian civilians in the midst of the Syrian Civil War. While political rhetoric often centers on how to end these tragedies, there are few guidelines for how nations can rebuild afterwards. This is where transitional justice, or the process by which nations can address histories of human rights violations, becomes of immense importance. How do we hold the perpetrators of widespread abuses accountable for their crimes? How do we ensure that nations learn from their dark histories and protect the rights of their people going forward?

In this committee, you will have to compose universal guidelines for the implementation of transitional justice, bearing in mind the diverse cases in which it might become applicable. Transitional justice is traditionally broken down into three sub-categories: truth-seeking, victim reparations, and prosecutions. You will be expected to address each of these in your draft resolution. When considering truth-seeking, how can we gather objective data on human rights abuses that were carried out in secret? As to the treatment of victims, what are appropriate, feasible reparations to provide to them? And when we consider prosecuting the masterminds behind these crimes, what is an appropriate punishment?

When debating all of these subjects, you will need to consider not only how international law can be utilized to protect and heal individuals after state-sponsored atrocities, but also in what direction your own moral compass is pointing. Transitional justice is a deeply personal topic that requires careful reflection on one’s ethical values. You must therefore heavily weigh your priorities when crafting guidelines – is it better to “forgive and forget” for the sake of stability? Does providing catharsis for victims potentially allow for executing those who abused them? Will there ever be enough reparations to heal the scars left by internal conflict?

These are incredibly challenging, complex, and nuanced questions that will test your understanding of international law and ethics in order to protect human rights at large. Your final guidelines on transitional justice will need to be a delicate balance of specific and broad, practical and moral. Somewhere between these competing forces, you will have to find a middle ground.


Note: The Legal Committee is a single-topic committee.
  委员会欢迎信

Dear Delegates,

Welcome to HMUN China 2018! My name’s Jenna Wong, and I’m so excited to be your Director for the Legal Committee. I grew up around thirty minutes outside of Boston, but I’m also part-Chinese, so I’m thrilled to be directing this topic on my first ever trip to China!

At Harvard, I’m concentrating in Social Studies (which is different from the middle school subject, I promise!), and I’m particularly interested in human rights law, Latin American politics, and ethics – which is why I’m so passionate about the issue of transitional justice. One of the greatest challenges facing our world today is how to rebuild states after widespread humanitarian and political crises, and transitional justice aims to do precisely this. It requires us to think about the ethics that underlie our justice systems and how we can use the law to protect those who have suffered at the hands of their own governments.

I only began participating in Model UN during my freshman year of college, and I instantly fell in love with its format, which encourages collaboration and diplomacy above all else. These are the traits I will be looking for in delegates, and I’m eager to help all of you work together on such a relevant and challenging topic. Through this committee, you’ll be required to think critically about not only the legal implications of a cohesive set of guidelines for transitional justice, but also the moral ones.

You will also need to consider some of the most controversial aspects of transitional justice, forging new solutions that the international community can agree upon. Be prepared to debate what reparations should be provided to victims, how to construct unbiased truth-seeking commissions, and how to prosecute perpetrators of large-scale atrocities, among other topics. As your Director, it will be my job to push you to think through the implications of each decision you make, and the impact it will have on current national and regional crises happening across the globe.

As someone who only began participating in Model UN in college, it’s especially important to me that new delegates feel welcomed in the Model UN community, and I hope that this committee will enable both first time and experienced delegates to acquire new skills and learn from one another. Please always feel free to reach out to me with any questions or concerns; I’m here to make sure that all of you have an incredible time!

Yours,

Jenna Wong

Director, United Nations Legal Committee

legal@hmunchina.org

法律委员会

Legal Committee

议题:无国籍个人的法律地位 The Legal Issues of Stateless Individuals
Director:Danukshi Mudannayake  会议指导介绍
  • Class year: 2020
  • Hometown: London, UK
  • Favorite place: Holland Park, London
  • Most desired next destination: Guangzhou, Guangdong
  • Favorite food: Cheesecake
  • Favorite album: Contra by Vampire Weekend
  • Favorite leader: Aung San Suu Kyi
  • Spirit animal: Humming bird
  • Favorite MUN moment: Seeing the Best Delegate that myself and the other members of the HNMUN 2017 OIC committee selected literally fall down in happiness as she approached the podium when her award was announced.
Advice for new delegates:
Remember that you have nothing to lose in any MUN you 'compete' in. The philosophy of MUN is diplomacy, and healthy debate, and you should feel empowered by the unique atmosphere MUN, and HMUN China in particular, foster. It is easy to feel as though other more seasoned delegates know more than you, or are better articulated that you, but everyone has their first MUN and you will learn so much that will help you thrive in the future!
  议题详述

The Special Summit on Terrorism will focus on the implications Terrorism has for minority groups. For the purposes of our committee, we will define minority groups as women, children, and religious/ethnic minorities.

In discussing women as a minority group marginalised by Terrorism, we will focus on the gender-politics of Terrorism. Be it the rise of Sharia Law in certain fundamentalist countries, or the prevalence of Islamophobia in the Western World, these symptoms of a world ridden with Terrorism greatly affect the quality of life for women. Therefore, we must evaluate how far the treatment of women has deteriorated under Terrorist regimes, or as a result of Terrorism in a broader context. In order to do this, we can measure the treatment of women against the three categories of health rights, marriage rights, and access to education.

With regards to children as a minority group, we can broadly focus on the ways in which children are radicalised, both in countries in which Terrorism has originated, as well as other countries in which young people and children are being radicalised by other institutions. It is also important to assess the correlation between children and women, since in many countries, the treatment of women directly affects the quality of life of children.

In evaluating the effects of Terrorism on minority religious and ethnic groups, we again can assess the treatment of these groups and whether there were any actions in order to discriminate against minority religious and ethnic groups. We can assess the quality of life with regards to health rights and education rights, as well as the opportunities that are presented to them and the rights that they are restricted from.


Note: The Special Summit on Terrorism is a single-topic committee.
  委员会欢迎信

Dear Delegates,

Welcome to the Special Summit on Terrorism!

My name is Danu Mudannayake, and I am a rising sophomore at Harvard college. I am currently hoping to pursue a joint concentration in Engineering Sciences, and Visual and Environmental Studies, as well as a language citation in Mandarin Chinese. Born in London, I have lived in East London my entire life, and growing up in, arguably, one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the world has definitely impacted my view of international relations and global issues. It was during high school in the UK that I first encountered MUN, serving as the delegate for Iraq in an ECOSOC Committee on the Status of Women! Leading on from this experience, I went on to found, and chair, two MUNs at my own high school, and have since worked as an Assistant Director at HNMUN 2017. Over the course of this summer, I will be preparing for HNMUN 2018 as well as HMUN China 2018, and will be travelling to Brazil to teach English and life skills, and travelling to Beijing, China to lead a seminar at the Harvard Summit for Young Leaders in China. MUN has a special place in my heart given that it embodies the values of healthy debate, and moreover diplomacy, which I strongly believe are vital characteristics in today’s day and age.

As a Londoner who has grown up distanced from the suffering in the Middle East, the past decade, and the upsurge in Terrorist attacks across Europe was definitely eye-opening, although it should not have been this way. For decades, the Middle East has been plagued by Terrorism, and as a humanitarian, I strongly believe that we should do more to focus on the impacts of Terrorism in the countries where it originated, and not focus solely on how Terrorism affects us in the Western world. In furthering this idea, I would like to draw upon larger topic areas, such as Terrorism’s consequences on global poverty, health, and economy, as well as its repercussions for minority groups. It is also necessary to recognise the responses to Terrorism that have already been introduced, as well as aim to formulate new responses.

Thus, my guide and committee will explore Terrorism, and its many implications. I encourage delegates to participate in wider research to better understand the topic area, and be more wary of current affairs in the lead up to conference that may divulge more information regarding the topic areas. The topic areas are fluid, and are constantly being discussed somewhere in the world, so a wide variety of stances should definitely make up for an interesting and lively committee come conference tim1

I look forward to seeing you all at committee soon!

Sincerely,

Danu Mudannayake

Director, Special Summit on Terrorism

ssot@hmunchina.org

联合国环境规划署

United Nations Environment Programme

议题:非法贩卖海洋野生动物 Marine Wildlife Trafficking
Director:Urshella Hishaam  会议指导介绍
  • Class year: 2020
  • Hometown: Colombo, Sri Lanka
  • Favorite place: Unawatuna, Sri Lanka
  • Favorite food: Anything that involves cheese
  • Favorite leader: Barack Obama
  • Favorite album: Dead roses - Blackbear
  • Spirit animal: Squirrel
  • Favorite MUN moment: My favourite MUN moment was during my first MUN conference. I was struggling too keep up with all the new concepts and expressions during session, but when we broke for Un-mod I helped formulate a few operative clauses. I had been in awe of a particular delegate's diplomacy and speech style for a majority of the conference, and this delegate read the clauses I had submitted and told me that they were super relevant and great. I gained so much confidence after that one small compliment, and I may have her to thank for how involved in MUN I still am, after all these years.
Advice for new delegates:
Go for it! We are here to help you if you have any questions or concerns, and we will do our best to make you feel comfortable about the different MUN concepts and terminology. Everyone was a new delegate at some point, so don't worry about making mistakes, no one expects you to be a perfect delegate. Don't hesitate to raise your placard a few times, or contribute in your bloc, because you honestly never know until you try.
  议题详述The rise in chaos in war-torn regions is constantly drawing the attention of the international community. With the increase in intensity, impact and time-sensitivity of terrorist attacks, it is important for us to re-evaluate “the Necessity of Military Aid”. In instances where assistance is desperately required to maximize the lives saved and minimize the destruction caused, the criteria that needs to be fulfilled to justify foreign military aid is still not fully defined in the UN charter. Due to this, dire situations that can be alleviated with immediate action cannot be lawfully addressed by any member states. The different viewpoints on this convoluted issue is ever changing, with the state of the nation receiving the aid, the type of aid being provided and the repercussions of the aid provided. This committee should address whether a criterion for military aid should be established, in that case what it may be, what the type of preferred military aid would be, and the nations that should be informed and involved in the decision.
Note: The High-level Meeting on Military Aid is a single-topic committee.
  委员会欢迎信

Dear Delegates,

It is my pleasure to welcome you to the High-level Meeting on Military Aid at HMUN China 2018! My name is Urshella Hishaam, and I am a rising sophomore studying Chemistry and Physics at Harvard College. Despite my very STEM related academic pursuits, outside of the classroom I am actively involved in the International Relations Council, as a part of HNMUN, HMUN and HMUN China. I am also a member of the Woodbridge International Society’s Social Committee, and will be a FIP “parent” to a few international Freshmen this year.

Being an international student at Harvard has exposed me to so many different views and opinions, and only increased my interest in International Relations. However, since I am from Colombo, Sri Lanka, living through the last few years of the civil war that raged in my country for 36 years is possibly the biggest reason I am so drawn to MUN and this topic more specifically. With the increase in intensity, impact and time-sensitivity of terrorist attacks it is important for us to re-evaluate “the necessity of Military Aid”. At HMUN 2018, as a part of the High-level Meeting on Military Aid you will explore the criteria that warrants aid from the international community, with a special focus on the sovereignty of the nations involved.

The rise in chaos in war-torn regions is constantly drawing the attention of the international community. In instances where assistance is desperately required to maximize the lives saved and minimize the destruction caused, the criteria that needs to be fulfilled to justify foreign military aid is still not fully defined in the UN charter. Due to this, dire situations that can be alleviated with immediate action cannot be lawfully addressed by any member states. The different viewpoints on this convoluted issue is ever changing, with the state of the nation receiving the aid, the type of aid being provided and the repercussions of the aid provided. This committee should address whether a criterion for military aid should be established, in that case what it may be, what the type of preferred military aid may be, and the nations that should be informed and involved in the decision.

I look forward to the a few days of intense debate and resolution drafting during the conference! Please feel free to reach out to me via the committee email if you come across any questions or concerns at any point.

Sincerely,

Urshella Hishaam

Director,High-level Meeting on Military Aid

militaryaid@hmunchina.org

联合国经济及社会理事会是联合国六大主要机构之一,负责协调与解决关于人类发展的经济与社会问题,包括经济发展、社会公平、文化教育、医疗健康等。在当今多极化国际关系中,区域性国际组织在处理地区性问题中也扮演着不可替代的角色,并与联合国的宗旨与原则相符合,倡导国家间的对话与合作。在中等规模的委员会,代表们既能开展激烈而广泛的讨论,又能足够深入地讨论问题,体会处理国际关系中地缘政治的微妙之处。

关于科技问题的特别峰会

Special Summit on Technology

议题:人工智能 Artificial Intelligence
Director:Anthony Bogachev 会议指导介绍
  • Class year: 2019
  • Hometown: Maple Grove, Minnesota
  • Favorite place: North Shore of Lake Superior, Minnesota
  • Favorite food: Pasta!
  • Favorite leader: Paul Wellstone
  • Favorite album: X Ambassadors, VHS
  • Spirit animal: Hedgehog
  • Favorite MUN moment: I’ve had so many incredible MUN moments that it’s difficult to pick one! One of my favorites, however, was walking around a hotel in a king’s robe and crown with a team of guards in order to break a crisis. The shock on everybody’s faces was priceless!
Advice for new delegates:
Beginning a conference can be frightening, but the hardest part is finding the confidence to start. Once you give your first speech or two, pitch an idea during unmoderated caucus, or even just send your first note, everything becomes much, much easier. Everyone can become an incredible delegate once they gain a little bit of momentum, and if you find that that is out of your comfort zone, don’t be afraid to reach out to any staff member. We are all here to help you in any way possible!
  议题详述Water scarcity is a looming problem facing the world’s policy makers; measures must be put in place immediately in order to alleviate the current hardships faced by developing nations and in order to prevent the long-term impacts on the whole globe. Currently, more than a billion people lack access to clean drinking water and about 2.8 billion people experience water scarcity for at least a month every year. 2.4 billion people do not have access to hygienic sanitation facilities. The World Economic Forum’s 2017 Global Risk Report lists Water Crises (defined as the medical and economic impacts of water scarcity) as the 3 rd highest risk, in terms of impact. This risk is particularly tied to the high risk of climate change mitigation efforts failing; with changing climactic patterns, the water supply is even more volatile and unpredictable. The United Nations is no stranger to this issue: Goal 6 of the Sustainable Goals is “Clean Water and Sanitation” and includes the sub-goals of achieving universal access to safe drinking water and equitable sanitation for all by 2030. There is an abundance of evidence that achieving this goal is a prerequisite to accomplishing many of the other SDG’s. Besides preventing the potentially catastrophic costs of rampant water crises, resolving the issue is necessary for developing nations to grow: for every $1 spent on the water supply, countries will receive a $4.4 return. Ultimately, addressing water shortages and crises should be one of the UN’s highest priorities.
Note: The United Nations Development Program is a single-topic committee.
  委员会欢迎信

Dear Delegates,

My name is Anthony Bogachev and I will be your director for the United Nations Development Programme at Harvard Model United Nations China 2018. I am immensely honored to have the opportunity to work with you, and I know that we will have an incredible conference together!

First and foremost, a little about myself: I am a Junior at Harvard, studying Bioengineering with a potential Secondary (Harvard’s version of a Minor) in Global Health. I am originally from the state of Minnesota, although my parents immigrated from the country of Belarus. I was raised in a bi-lingual and bi-cultural household, learning both the English language and American values, as well as the Russian language and Belarussian/Russian cultural principles. As a result, I became passionate about politics and international relations from a young age. Throughout high school, I competed in Debate, Speech, and Model United Nations. Although I was originally not planning on continuing any of these activities in college, Harvard’s vibrant MUN community pulled me in during my very first semester, and I’ve been obsessed with it ever since. I directed the World Bank at HMUN China 2017, and I am incredibly excited to be returning for my second year.

I chose to run the UNDP this year because it is unique in the world in its contribution to the long-term support of developing countries. It is a key pillar of the United Nation’s assistance; in fact, the UNDP Administrator is the third-highest ranking official in the UN. As for the topic area, water shortages and crises are some of the largest problems currently threatening developing countries. With increasing climate change and environmental degradation, these problems pose a looming threat to developed nations as well. The UNDP is in a unique position to address the issue, offering a platform for countries from around the world to come together to strive for a better future.

I am very excited to meet all of you and I am looking forward to our productive discussion on a set of very important topics. Although the issues that we discuss will not be easy to approach, you also have the potential to make a tremendous impact as a member of the Executive Board of the UNDP. Please let me know if you have any questions or concerns regarding researching the topic, learning about your individual country, speaking in committee, or any other problems you may encounter.

Sincerely,

Anthony Bogachev

Director, United Nations Development Program

undp@hmunchina.org

国际货币基金组织

International Monetary Fund

议题:国际货币基金组织的贷款条件 Conditionality of IMF Loans
Director:Klaus Ashorn 会议指导介绍
  • Class year: 2020
  • Hometown: Helsinki, Finland
  • Favorite place: SoHo, Hong Kong
  • Favorite food: Pasta!
  • Favorite MUN moment: I’ve had so many incredible MUN moments that it’s difficult to pick one! One of my favorites, however, was walking around a hotel in a king’s robe and crown with a team of guards in order to break a crisis. The shock on everybody’s faces was priceless!
Advice for new delegates:
Don't be afraid to speak, mess up, and try again. MUN is all about debate and negotiation, so try to throw yourself into it as much as possible and as soon as possible!
  议题详述In order to meet the targets of the Paris Agreement, we will need to cut carbon emissions by half each decade. By 2050, we will need to achieve zero net emissions from land use and figure out how to remove five gigatons of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere annually. The scale of these challenges is enormous, but their timeline is even more sobering. In a very concrete sense, our generation is the one responsible for solving climate change. The purpose of this topic is to explore ways to build markets for climate action. One of the current problems facing climate efforts is that public actors are unwilling to invest sufficiently while private actors are neither financially incentivized nor legally compelled to pick up the slack. Possible solutions could range from legally mandated off-setting schemes to mitigation banking to expanded cap-and- trade programs and anything in between. If you want to look at climate change from a business perspective and are ready to innovate, you will find yourself at home in the OECD.
Note: The OECD is a single-topic committee.
  委员会欢迎信

Dear Delegates,

Welcome to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development!

My name is Klaus Ashorn, and I am a sophomore at Harvard College studying Economics. I am originally from Helsinki, Finland, though I have also lived in Hong Kong before coming to the U.S. I was first introduced to Model UN while attending high school in Hong Kong, and it has been a major part of my life ever since. Here at Harvard, I’m on the Intercollegiate MUN team and I have staffed both HNMUN and HMUN.

I am incredibly excited to direct the OECD and see how you will tackle the topics! As an ECOSOC committee, the OECD will be a perfect mix of substance and real-world applicability, while keeping the committee slightly smaller and more dynamic.

You will be addressing climate change from a somewhat novel perspective: how to bring private capital and companies into efforts to fight climate change. My interest in this topic comes from the rather simple observation that climate change needs to be solved within the next 30 to 40 years. If we want this to happen, we will need solutions addressing the issue from all angles, including the markets. These solutions could range from adapting cap-and-trade policies to new fields, drafting legislation mandating off-setting schemes, support for green technologies, or even conservation banking. Currently there are few market-based mechanisms for climate action, so the field is open to all kinds of innovative ideas you may have. Be creative, read widely, and don’t be afraid to propose bold ideas!

We will also be trialing some new elements in the OECD to further enhance your experience. As a delegate in the OECD, you will write a strategy paper in lieu of a traditional position paper. In the strategy paper, you will identify key policy goals for your country, anticipate points of contention, and lay out a strategy for achieving these goals. You will also have the possibility of sending an update paper to your government during the conference – more on these in the background guide. The purpose of these reforms is to bring you the most realistic UN simulation possible. Diplomats come into meetings with objectives and strategies, and so should you. Additionally, we hope to foster collaboration by reassuring each delegate that their contributions will be recognized even if they do not have the chance to claim credit in the committee.

I look forward to meeting you all in March!

Sincerely,

Klaus Ashorn

Director, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development

oecd@hmunchina.org

世界卫生组织

World Health Organization

议题:基因组测序与疾病预防的伦理问题 Topic: Genome Sequencing and the Ethics of Disease Prevention
Director:Lily Piao 会议指导介绍
  • Class year: 2020
  • Hometown: New York City
  • Favorite place: Hell's Kitchen
  • Favorite food: Sushi
  • Favorite album: Fearless by Taylor Swift
  • Favorite leader: Hillary Clinton
  • Spirit animal: Silver Fox
  • Favorite MUN moment: Being attacked at the dais by an army of killer construction bots.
  • Song that plays when I walk into committee: "Real Friends" by Kanye West
Advice for new delegates:
As someone who began model UN in college, I understand that being a new delegate can be intimidating. However, being a delegate for the first time can be incredibly rewarding and exciting. Prepare well, but when you're in committee have fun, meet the other delegates, keep in mind the spirit of cooperation that defines model UN, and most importantly believe in yourself. It's okay to be wrong; all that matters is that you share your unique ideas and special perspective with everyone else. We are all here to learn, including me, and I would love to see what you can contribute!
  议题详述

Topic A: Imperialism vs. Local Sovereignty

During World War I, Great Britain made three bilateral promises: The first was the Sykes-Picot Agreement, the second was the Husayn-McMahon Correspondences, and the third was the Balfour Declaration. The first two of these promises, made to France and to Sharif Husayn of Mecca, were inherently contradictory, and England chose to honor the promise that it made to its fellow imperialist power rather than the one it made to the nominal representative of the Arab population. The third promise continues to be a source of contention, as are the other two, because of the implications that it has for the establishment of a Jewish state in Israel. This committee must decide whether or not to honor these secret bilateral promises. The second aspect of this topic is the establishment of the Mandate system, and whether or not this committee would like to modify or completely rework the Mandate system that allowed imperialist powers to dictate the establishment of new governments in the Middle East.


Topic B: The Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire was a conglomerate of many minorities, including the Armenians and the Kurds. The Treaty of Sèvres allotted an independent state to the Armenians and an autonomous region to the Kurds but provided no clauses to ensure that these new states would be protected. Soon after the ratification of the Treaty of Sèvres, Mustafa Kemal eliminated any hope of the immediate success of these states by militarily conquering the Anatolian peninsula, which included the territories given to Armenians and Kurds. The Paris Peace Conference also did not address issues of the Armenian Genocide and the ethnic cleansing that took place before and during World War I. This committee will address these issues and more in relation to the treatment of the former Ottoman Empire.

  委员会欢迎信

Dear Delegates,

Welcome to the Paris Peace Conference of 1919! My name is Lily Piao, and I am a sophomore at Harvard College concentrating in History. I was born in China, but since moving to New York as a seven year old I’ve become a tried and true New Yorker. I was on the Model Congress team for all four years of high school, but it was not until I arrived at Harvard that I discovered my love for Model UN. After serving as Assistant Director for HMUN and HNMUN as a freshman, I joined ICMUN, Harvard’s competitive model UN team. I am now a deputy director for ICMUN, and I’ve really enjoyed welcoming new members to a team that has become my family on campus. When I’m not working with the International Relations Council (IRC), Harvard’s umbrella organization for all things International Relations related, I design for the Harvard Political Review and tutor students in the Cambridge area. I also love walking my proctor’s golden retriever, watching Netflix, and exploring Boston with my friends.

I’m incredibly excited to be your Director for the Paris Peace Conference of 1919, and I look forward to four days of interesting and engaging debate. In my guide and in committee, we will explore the ways in which the Paris Peace Conference was a turning point in Middle Eastern history and in global history. The Paris Peace Conference took place immediately after World War I, and though most discussions about this conference center around Europe, we will be discussing the ways in which actions taken during this conference restricted the sovereignty of regional states while undermining the legitimacy of any new states created by the Paris Peace Conference. We will revisit history to examine the ways in which European powers interfered in the affairs of the former Ottoman Empire either in favor of or against specific minority groups. We will also question the ways in which imperialism manifested itself both through the bilateral promises made by Britain made during the war and through the Mandate system. This committee has already changed history by including full representation from states such as Egypt, and I can’t wait to see how you decide to resolve the many contentious issues surrounding the Paris Peace Conference.

Though I’ve been a Director for both HMUN and HNMUN, I’ve only substantively directed at Harvard’s college conference, and I think that high school delegates will bring a new and innovative perspective to the important issues at stake in this committee.

I’m incredibly excited to meet you all and to get to know each and every one of you! Please reach out if you have any questions or concerns!

Sincerely,

Lily Piao

Director, Paris Peace Conference of 1919

parispeace@hmunchina.org

1991年-1995年的联合国教科文组织

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, 1991-1995

议题:南斯拉夫战争时期的文化遗产保护 Topic: Preservation of Cultural Heritage in Wartime Yugoslavia

美洲国家组织

Organization of American States

委内瑞拉危机 The Venezuelan Crisis

联合国亚太经社理事会

United Nations Economic and Social Council for Asia and the Pacific

议题:中亚的经济发展 Topic: Economic Development in Central Asia

特殊职能机构中设置的 5 个会场是 HMUN China 2019 中最具创意的委员会。特殊职能机构与其他委员会相比规模更小,会议进程更加紧张。这些委员会的议题横跨各个领域、时间段和地区。这些小型委员会给代表们提供了深入讨论具体而复杂的国际问题的机会。在这些委员会中,讨论更加针锋相对,议题危机层出、瞬息万变,只有经过深入调研、熟悉议题且具有相当强的临场应变能力的代表才会最终脱颖而出。

联合国安全理事会

United Nations Security Council

议题:库尔德危机 Kurdish Crisis
Director:Anne Warnke 会议指导介绍
  • Class year: 2018
  • Hometown: Brooklyn, New York
  • Favorite place: Prospect Park, Brooklyn
  • Favorite food: Ice Cream
  • Favorite leader: Barack Obama
  • Favorite album: High Violet, The National
  • Spirit animal: Dolphin
  • Favorite MUN moment: Closing ceremonies of HNMUN 2017 when an international delegation won the best delegation award for the first time in the conference's history.
Advice for new delegates: Don't hesitate to make your first speech! The sooner you start participating in
Don't hesitate to make your first speech! The sooner you start participating in committee, the easier the rest of committee will be.
 
  议题详述 Supporting Political Capacity in Post-Conflict and Decolonized States 委员会欢迎信

Al-Shabaab is a militant, terrorist group in Somalia whose professed intention is to replace the Somali government and establish an Islamic state with adherence to a strict interpretation of Shariah law. Formed in 2006 out of the military wing of a Somali opposition-government, the Islamic Courts Union, Al-Shabaab has remained active for the past decade and is now estimated to number between 7,000 and 9,000 members. The group controlled Somalia’s capital, Mogadishu, for some time, but since 2011 has retreated to rural areas in the country and has been able mostly only to mount assassinations and suicide-bomb attacks. In the past year, Al-Shabaab launched greater numbers of attacks in Mogadishu and specifically increased violence to disrupt the Somali presidential election, held at the beginning of 2017. This meeting of the Security Council will thus address the present threat Al-Shabaab poses for Somalia, as it endangers the security of the country and its residents, hampers the attempts of the still widely considered as corrupt Somali government to establish stability, and disrupts economic activity.

Al-Shabaab also has connections to other international terrorist organizations, pledging allegiance to Al Qaeda in 2009 and, allegedly in 2015, declaring support for ISIS, and has conducted attacks in other countries, including two large-scale attacks in Kenya in 2013 and 2015, and suicide bombings in Uganda. The Security Council thus must also address the regional threat of Al-Shabaab and the international scope of its reach as the group receives recruits and resources from outside Somalia and carries out violence across its borders. In addressing the Al-Shabaab conflict, the Security Council will have to examine its own, largely failed, involvement in Somalia over the past three decades. The United Nations has conducted missions in Somalia since 1991, with the most recent—the UN Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM)—working with the Federal Government of Somalia since 2013. It will be our job as a committee to return again to the topic of Al-Shabaab and see whether the imperfect institution that is the Security Council can reach some resolution on the conflict.


Note: The Security Council is a single-topic committee.

1979年的历史安理会

Historical Security Council, 1979

议题:主权的冲突 Topic: Conflicts of Sovereignty
Director:Daniel Menz 会议指导介绍
  • Class year: 2019
  • Hometown: Cape Elizabeth, Maine
  • Favorite place: Top of Mt. Katahdin in Maine
  • Most desired next destination: Austria
  • Favorite food: Felipe's Nacho bowls
  • Favorite leader: Angela Merkel
  • Favorite album: Graduation, Kanye West
  • Spirit animal: None of your business
  • Favorite MUN moment: Portraying Angela Merkel in an expert witness role for the Constituent Assembly of Myanmar at HMUN 2017. I was voted "most dashing Expert Witness" for my performance.
Advice for new delegates:
Come prepared and ready to tackle concrete issues that will test your knowledge of how international economic and political systems operate. Proper research prior to conference will allow you to speak as an expert to the issues that will come up during committee. Most importantly, be prepared to have fun. Speak up as much as possible. Not everything you say has to be ingenious and groundbreaking, but speaking and engaging with your fellow delegates right off the bat will provide you with momentum for the rest of the conference. Finally, remember that the staff of this committee is here for you! This is a fun and educational experience, and we are here to assist you with any questions or concerns you may face prior to the conference or during committee session!
  议题详述

Topic A: Economics at Home and Abroad

The Eurozone Debt Crisis has continued to cripple European economies, with Germany leading the policy response by pushing pro-austerity policies. The Cabinet of Germany remains divided on this issue, however, leaving the door open to a change of course. The future of the European Union is at stake, and debate on how to preserve unity continues, whether that means upholding, diminishing, or eliminating austerity measures, assisting struggling nations with loans and debt forgiveness, centralizing European banking, and promoting Eurobonds. Additionally, opposing parties have continued to fight over fiscal policy and economic legislation, including tax policy, the minimum wage, and welfare in recent years. With free trade deals such as the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) between Canada and the European Union (EU) and the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) between the United States and the EU attracting much opposition and dissent from civil society, members from both parties will have the opportunity to influence the outcome of Germany and the EU’s involvement in future free trade deals. However, backlash from Social Democrats has made Germany’s involvement in the deal unclear. The possibility of the Social Democratic heeding to the desires of their constituency by refusing to go along with Merkel-backed trade agreements has enormous implications, and potential decisions by the Cabinet to proceed forward with its support of the trade agreement could create the potential for internal unrest among the German populace. Amid the continuing discussion about how to combat and mitigate the impacts of climate change, Germany has once again proven to be a leader. Nevertheless, the competitiveness of solar and wind against cheaper sources, including coal, as well as the sometimes-ambiguous impact of incentives for renewable energy use, must be addressed. Germany’s impending transition away from nuclear energy will also be a point of discussion.


Topic B: Refugees and Security

Since 2015, Germany has accepted over one million refugees from Syria, Afghanistan, Iraq, and other nations. The legal status of these refugees is in question: granting permanent residency, naturalization, citizenship, or a shifting of the refugee burden to other nations are at the forefront of this debate. The ability of Germany to support the wave of refugees entering the country will be tested by its ability to provide sufficient social services, including food and clean water, housing, and economic opportunities. Additionally, security concerns in the wake of the terrorist attacks in Paris and Brussels have caused right-wing politicians to claim that infiltration of the country by terrorists has been exacerbated by the inflow of refugees. The question at stake is this: how will this cabinet deal with the rise of domestic terrorism in the EU through the lens of the refugee question? Xenophobia and cultural attacks continue to happen, and the number of violent acts of terror has increased citizens and politicians, so a proper response is required to quell the growing discontent among the electorate. To make matters worse, the spread of radical extremism across the globe has important implications for the security of Germany and its neighbors. Germany’s proximity to these attacks, and its refugee population have added fuel to the anti-refugee, anti-Muslim conservatives. The mass sexual assaults in Cologne have also caused concerns pertaining to this issue. Regardless of the refugee crisis, security remains a high-priority issue. Intelligence acquisition and sharing will serve as the most contentious points of debate. Proponents of increased surveillance and sympathizers of privacy rights have clashed, and intelligence cooperation in the future will make or break the security of the EU. Additionally, Fighting ISIL will include debate over Germany’s presence in the Middle East. Germany recently authorized limited military force against ISIL in December of 2015, so the effectiveness of this campaign and decisions regarding future involvement in airstrikes and other military strategies to be employed against this threat are to be decided. Finally, German relations with Russia continue to be tested. With a significant proportion of German businesses located in Russia pressuring the EU to lift sanctions against Russia, which were enforced in response to Russia’s aggression against Ukraine, Germany’s pro-sanctions stance will remain controversial.

  委员会欢迎信

Dear Delegates,

It is my distinct honor to welcome you to Harvard Model United Nations China 2018! More specifically, it is my pleasure to be your director for Angela Merkel’s Cabinet, a particularly innovative committee designed to educate delegates about domestic and international politics and economics.

I originally hail from Cape Elizabeth, a small but well-traveled suburb on the coast of Maine, a state known for its endless natural beauty and its kind and adventurous population. Upon leaving my quiet Maine life behind, I have since made it to my junior year at Harvard College, having declared a double major in Government and Germanic Languages and Literatures with a minor in Environmental Science and Public Policy. My academic and professional interests have naturally bled into my extracurricular life. I am involved in various forms of Model United Nations on campus and abroad, serving as the Director of Angela Merkel’s Cabinet at HMUN 2017, filling in as an Assistant Director to the Cabinet of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh at HNMUN 2017, traveling as a delegate on Harvard’s Intercollegiate Model United Nations team, and serving as the USG for Operations at HNMUN Latin America 2018. This past year, I participated as the director of Captains of American Industry at HMUN China 2017, one of the most rewarding experiences of my life.

Aside from Model UN-related activities, I am very involved in the Institute of Politics at Harvard and enjoy walking dogs through Harvard Yard. I enjoy hiking in different parts of the world and have climbed some of the tallest peaks in the United States, Quebec, and the Black Forest of Germany. I am also an avid Ultimate Frisbee player and enjoy running along the Charles River in Cambridge.

I am especially excited to be directing Angela Merkel’s Cabinet, a committee I ran at HMUN 2017 in Boston. The committee will have a strong focus on German history, society, politics, and economics and how these sectors fit into a larger international picture. A holistic examination of how the German identity is shaped by these factors will allow you to better understand how German society and politics operates. The main goal will be to answer pressing questions related to the modern environmental movement, the refugee and migration crisis of this decade, the resolution of the economic woes in the European Union since the Sovereign Debt Crisis, and the international security concerns of Germany and the continent at large. I look forward to hearing your ideas about these issues and how you debate them in the committee room and work with these issues and further your own collective and self-interests through crisis! I am positive that it will be a thrilling experience, and I look forward to meeting you all very soon!

Sincerely,

Daniel Menz

Director, Angela Merkel's Cabinet

merkel@hmunchina.org

中国古代三国时期

The Three Kingdoms

议题:和平的建立 Topic: Building Peace in Ancient China
Director:Sofia Garcia 会议指导介绍
  • Class year: 2020
  • Hometown: Hutchinson, Kansas
  • Favorite place: Puerto Rico
  • Favorite food: Chocolate
  • Favorite album: Soundtrack to Moana
  • Spirit animal: Sparrow
  • Favorite MUN moment: The first time I traveled with the Harvard team to a conference in California. The whole trip was a lot of fun
Advice for new delegates: One of the best things to do before
One of the best things to do before committee is to practice public speaking. When you give a speech the whole committee is watching and it's the best time to make a good impression or try to sway other delegate's feelings on a topic.
  议题详述Through the 19th Century, Afghanistan fought the First and Second Anglo Afghan Wars against the British to help establish its sovereignty. At the end of the second war, the British withdrew their troops and recognized Emir Abdur Rahman Khan as the leader of Afghanistan. However because of Afghanistan’s location between British India and the Soviet Union, the British continued to closely monitor Afghan affairs and arranged to pay the Emir’s government for following British approved foreign policies. Emir Adbur ruled strictly and consolidated power in his central government to further support his reign. After his death in 1901 he was succeeded by his eldest son Habibullah Khan. Habibullah Khan believed that Afghanistan needed to modernize in order to establish itself more in the global world. He began a series of reforms that included building schools, a hospital, strengthening the economy, and investing in modern communication and transportation infrastructure. The Emir faced opposition from tribal and religious leaders when he attempted to modernize some of the laws and this tension continued through the rest of his reign. Additionally, the Emir attempted to balance relations with both Russia and the British Empire. The Emir attempted to play both sides of the issue as frequently as possible though outwardly he was seen as in support of the British. However when the Emir was not invited to the Anglo- Russian Convention of 1907, where the British and Russians reach an agreement about their involvement in Afghanistan, the Emir was largely upset. Furthermore, the country’s Islamic beliefs create a natural sympathy toward The Ottomans as the world divides itself up into alliances. It is at this point in the summer of 1914 that the Emir has called upon his advisors to help him decide how to lead the country forward. Many difficult decisions are ahead the most pressing of which include: should Afghanistan join an alliance or continue to remain neutral? How can the Emir continue his modernization? Is it possible to fully address the country’s international and domestic concerns or will one need to be ignored so the other can be resolved? This committee’s decisions will have impacts not only on Afghanistan, but also on the world as the 20 th century progresses. Delegates will need to be focused and united in order to steer Afghanistan through this era of international turmoil and change.   委员会欢迎信

Dear Delegates,

I am excited to welcome you to HMUN China 2018! My name is Sofia Garcia and I will be your Director for the Advisors to Emir Habibullah Khan, 1914.

Before Harvard, I attended a small Catholic high school in Kansas where I did policy debate. I decided to try something new in college, which led me to get involved with Model United Nations. I have staffed HMUN and HNMUN in addition to being on the traveling MUN team. I also am involved with the Harvard Catholic Student Association and during the school year I work as a peer advisor for freshmen. In my free time I like to play flute, watch movies with friends, or bake. My intended concentration is Economics and I’d like to get a secondary in mathematics. Before I graduate Harvard, I hope to speak Spanish fluently and travel as much as possible through student groups.

Through this committee you will explore what it means to be a border state as well as engaging in balancing complex foreign affairs with domestic issues. The Emir will need your guidance in order to strengthen Afghanistan’s future; I hope you are up for the challenge.

I look forward to meeting you at conference. If you have any questions before then please do not hesitate to reach out to me.

Sincerely,

Sofia Garcia

Advisors to the Emir Habibullah Khan, 1914

emir@hmunchina.org

1920年的上海青帮

The Green Gang, 1920

议题:上海青帮 Topic: The Green Gang
Director:Michael Bruce 会议指导介绍
  • Class year: 2020
  • Hometown: Guaynabo, Puerto Rico
  • Favorite place: San Francisco or literally anywhere in California
  • Favorite food: Chicken mofongo in reole sauce
  • Favorite leader: Charles Bukowksi
  • Favorite album: The Moon and Antarctica by Modest Mouse
  • Spirit animal: Honey Badger
Advice for new delegates:
Don’t worry or stress yourselves out too much. A conference is not a measure of your individual worth or ability as a person. Simply enjoy the debate, the challenges, the diplomacy, and the people you encounter in committee. This is an amazing experience, so make sure you are feeling amazing throughout it. Do not get bogged down by the expectations of prizes and, again, simply enjoy your time at HMUN China 2018!
  议题详述Ching Shih is one of the most interesting figures in Chinese history. Once a Cantonese prostitute, Ching Shih rose to become one of the most powerful and influential pirates in history. With command of 300 junks and over 40,000 pirates, Ching Shih was a destructive force during the 19th century. Her Red Flag Fleet expanded her domain along the entire Chinese coast, taxing coastal towns for her protection. With her great influence, came disputes from imperial nations. Challenged by Qing dynasty officials, the Portuguese navy, and even the British navy, Ching Shih was able to match in firepower and tactics these national military forces. In addition to these foreign entanglements, Ching Shih also faced the general problems that arose with piracy, mainly the possibility of mutiny and infectious disease. Regardless of these difficulties, Ching Shih was an influential and successful figure and her success has transcended her life, allowing her legend to live on. The Pirate Crew of Ching Shih Committee will explore the career, influence, and domain of this infamous pirate. Delegates, you are Ching Shih’s most trusted advisors, ensuring her pirate empire not only remains intact when faced with foreign challenges, but also prospers in spite of the Portuguese, Chinese, and British navies. With fleets from Hanoi to Seoul, you must establish Ching Shih’s dominance of the Chinese coast and quickly solve any internal problems that threaten the Red Fleet’s unity and authority. By aiding Ching Shih, you too will become immortal in infamy. So, with the prospect of fame, gold, and power, ask yourself: “Is a Pirate’s Life for Me?”
Note: This commitee has one topic.
  委员会欢迎信

Dear Delegates,

My name is Michael Bruce and I am excited, eager, and, admittedly, a bit anxious to serve as your director for the Pirate Crew of Ching Shih! Get ready to navigate some turbulent waters in this historic crisis committee. As the pirate crew and main advising board of this infamous Chinese pirate Ching Shih, you will oversee a naval force of three hundred ships and over forty thousand pirates as you attempt to consolidate influence along the coast of China while facing the problems of the occupation and era, including deadly disease, crippling mutiny, and those pesky imperial nations.

Forced to give up on my dreams of becoming a pirate due to my terrible fear of the sea, I am currently a sophomore at Harvard from Guaynabo, Puerto Rico, concentrating in English with a secondary in Economics. Outside of school and failed dreams, I am heavily involved with the International Relations Council, which means I do waaay to much MUN, but that’s really nothing new for me.

Beginning MUN in tenth grade after a friend dragged me to a meeting, I ended up competing in over fifteen conferences while also working as the team’s designated recruiter, helping inspire and train potential delegates. At college, I have continued my passionate relationship with Model United Nations. I compete and serve as deputy director with the Harvard MUN traveling team, ICMUN, and I have staffed both HMUN and HNMUN. And, as you know, I am currently staffing HMUN China as your director! Model United Nations has had such a positive influence on my life, helping me develop socially, professionally, and personally. Honestly, Model United Nations has been one of the most gratifying and influential experiences of my life. I’ve come to love it dearly and, through this committee, I hope you will too!

The Pirate Crew of Ching Shih will examine an interesting historic period from a particularly unorthodox perspective. During the 19th century, many nations were consolidating land and power outside of their domestic borders. European countries, such as Britain and Portugal were colonizing parts of Americas and Asia, creating global empires. While these nations claimed to bring civilization to “savage” lands, they subjugated and exploited millions of people to acquire land and gold. However, these nations, often reliant on their naval force, were challenged by pirates who undermined their influence and profits. Depicted as ruthless marauders, pirates may not have been “civilized”, but they were quite progressive. With democratic processes, strong adherence to ethical codes, equal opportunity among crew, and unparalleled gender and racial diversity, pirates during the 18th century were not only a violent physical force, but also a violent ideological force. In the Pirate Crew of Ching Shih, we will evaluate the modern depiction of piracy through one of the practice’s most distinguished figures while engaging in realistic crises and deliberation relevant to the period and region.

I can’t wait to explore piracy through the life and domain of this extremely interesting historic figure. If you have any questions concerning committee, conference, Model United Nations, or life, feel free to email me! I will try to reply as soon as I can, and again, I can’t wait to meet all of you! :)

Sincerely,

Michael Bruce

Director, The Pirate Crew of Ching Shih

piratecrew@hmunchina.org

非政府组织项目

Non-Governmental Organizations Programme

议题:对转型国家的人道主义援助 Humanitarian Aid for States in Transition
Director:Kyle Sargent 会议指导介绍
  • Class year: 2019
  • Hometown: Chicago, IL
  • Favorite place: St. Peter's Basilica
  • Favorite food: Cuban Sandwich
  • Favorite leader: Teddy Roosevelt
  • Spirit animal: Wolf
  • Favorite MUN moment: Asking a good question that stumps the writer of a resolution
Advice for new delegates:
Do your research, relax, find an experienced delegate to align yourself with and learn the ropes.
  议题详述The Republic of Nicaragua v. The United States of America (1986) In 1986, Nicaragua accused the United States of supporting the Contras, a domestic right-wing militant group bent on destabilizing and overthrowing the current regime. In a landmark case brought before the ICJ, the US was found in violation of international law and forced to compensate Nicaragua, but openly defied the ruling of the ICJ. In this committee, delegates will simulate the historical proceedings of the ICJ leading to this contentious decision, as both judges and litigants for either side. Depending on the forcefulness of the arguments for the US and Nicaragua, things may turn out differently.   委员会欢迎信

Dear Delegates,

My name is Kyle Sargent, and I’m very excited to welcome you to the Greek Ministerial Council. As a junior at Harvard, I’m currently studying Mathematics and Computer Science. Outside of the classroom, I am highly involved in the International Relations Council, an extracurricular umbrella organization that encompasses Harvard’s traveling Model UN team, of which I am also a member. At HMUN China 2018, you’ll be a part of the International Court of Justice, a court empowered by the UN to resolve complex international disputes.

In this committee, you’ll simulate the deliberations of the ICJ during the case Nicaragua v. United States (1986). This contentious decision found the United States in violation of international law for funding the “Contras,” a right-wing military group bent on destabilizing the Nicaraguan government. Roughly half of you will act as judges of the court. You’ll be able to question counselors and compel witnesses, delve deeply into the facts of the case, and collectively render the final decision. The other half will serve as litigants for Nicaragua or the United States. In the capacity of a litigant for either country, you will be responsible for providing compelling arguments that make the case for your side, by researching heavily for supporting evidence and appropriate witnesses.

While unconventional, it is my belief that this committee format will allow debate that is both challenging and invigorating. In addition, the courtroom politics of the ICJ will make for an excellent underlying crisis arc. I am very much looking forward to seeing the direction you will take things, and to guiding what I am sure will be a spirited debate. If you have any questions please contact me via my committee email and I will address them to the best of my ability.

Best,

Kyle Sargent

Director, International Court of Justice

icj@hmunchina.org

学术标准 | Academic Highlights

为期四天的HMUN China会议共有六段正式会期,每段时长为三小时左右。每个委员会的议程进展及学术方面的事宜由来自哈佛大学的会议指导负责,会议指导按照会议规则流程主持会议,引导代表们进行辩论,并推动会议实质性进程。在充满挑战的会议进程中,代表们既要准确地代表本国立场和维护国家利益,也要为了加强委员会中各国之间的合作、推动达成共识的进程不懈努力。以下几个关键词诠释了HMUN China会议中的学术标准与特色。

充分辩论

辩论是模联会议中的核心部分及代表之间主要的交流形式。观点的分享与争论,国家之间共识的达成,对话与合作的建立,都是通过辩论来实现的。HMUN China正如真正的联合国,将为代表们提供交流观点、整合立场、形成方案的交流论坛,因此充分的辩论是达成有效合作方案的前提条件,也是判断会议是否成功的重要条件。模联会议中的辩论追求语言上的细致与精准、构思上的逻辑性与整体布局,代表们应为辩论做好充分的内容与语言准备。

正式文件

HMUN China对于会议中出现的各类文件有着严格的学术标准,最终被会议通过且具有价值的决议应是数个小时激烈辩论、磋商谈判与沟通妥协的结果。工作文件的作用是收集代表们经过讨论后较为成型的观点,并在委员会内流通及传阅。工作文件中的观点被充分讨论后,由代表们按照真正联合国决议的格式被写作为正式的决议草案。为了最大程度地鼓励代表们协调彼此立场以达成合作,HMUN China不设置决议草案的正式起草国,且每个议题只有一份决议草案能够被投票通过成为最终决议。

危机设置

危机是模拟联合国会议中考验代表们对于议题相关突发事件的外交应变能力的重要手段,增加了会议的学术挑战性与趣味性。HMUN China会议中的一些委员会将不同程度地涉及到危机设置。危机事件通常情况下通过新闻媒体报道、专家证人口述、视频短片播放等形式发布。当危机事件出现在某个委员会中时,该会场需立即讨论和处理危机事件,在有限时间内寻求对于自然灾害、经济危机、军事冲突等突事件的解决方案。危机会增加议题的复杂性与偶然性,这也是变幻莫测的国际形势的一种真实缩影。

非政府组织

作为在当今全球事务中作用日益显著的国际关系行为体之一,非政府组织被HMUN China 2019列为其中一个特殊职能机构,为议题的辩论提供崭新的观点与视角。非政府组织的代表以人道主义的视角看待国际问题,穿梭于联合国大会、经济与社会理事会各委员会中参与辩论且提供咨询意见。在真实的国际关系中,具有影响力的非政府组织获得联合国的认可,有权以咨询者和观察者的身份出席联合国会议。该委员会的设置使参与代表有机会从不同视角观察、理解与讨论国际问题。

特色活动 | Social Events

哈佛论坛 | Directors Panel

哈佛论坛由各委员会中担任会议指导的哈佛学子主持,是代表们在会议之余了解哈佛文化、接触新领域知识的绝佳平台,也是中学生们与哈佛学子面对面交流学习与获得大学申请经验的难得机会。哈佛论坛按照分会场的形式设置多个主题,包括大学生活与学习规划、哈佛文化、国际关系、科技与艺术等多个领域,代表们可以根据自身兴趣选择其一。

地球村 | Global Village

在会场之中为了国家利益据理力争的代表们,在会场之外对于国际大家庭中极具多元性的各国文化充满兴趣。地球村犹如模联会议中的“世博会”,使代表们通过欣赏各代表团所准备的各国传统服饰、文化风俗、特色小吃及文艺表演展示,更直观地了解世界各国文化传统。通过申请获得展示台位的代表团可在地球村中展示所代表的联合国成员国、或是自身所来自区域和国家的文化风情,并可以申请节目表演的机会,登上舞台成为聚光灯的焦点。地球村是代表们发现世界、发挥创意、发展友谊的绝佳平台。

代表舞会 | Delegate Dance

代表舞会作为国际模联会议中的传统特色活动,是往届HMUN China会议中深受代表们欢迎的社交聚会。在正式会议中身着正装紧张辩论的代表们,在舞会轻松愉悦的氛围中增进友谊,同时有机会结交来自不同委员会的新朋友。

十周年神秘庆典 | Anniversary Special Events

为庆祝HMUN China在中国举办的第十年,本次大会将组织形式新颖的互动环节供代表参与。除此之外,大会还将精心制作极具特色的典藏版纪念品在会议期间限量发行,HMUN China的粉丝们一定不要错过。

工作团队 | Conference Staff

HMUN China 2019会议由美国和中国最为专业的模联项目团队组织和运营,致力于为代表打造高水平学术与会议标准的国际模联经历。大会组委会由哈佛大学模拟联合国资深成员与嘉朋汉坊教育模联团队共同组成,在长达10个月的会议筹备期内全程把控每一个学术与会务细节。

全部16个委员会的会议指导是来自哈佛大学的资深模联主席团成员,从会前编制议题指导,到会议中主持和引导辩论,他们都将给各委员会的代表们带来纯正的哈佛模联体验。与此同时,组委会还将面向高中生群体招募主席助理、志愿者等角色,给初登舞台的高中生模联爱好者及经验丰富的会议代表提供不同角色的体验与成长机会。

哈佛组委会 HMUN Secretariat

HMUN 组委会成员是哈佛模联团队中会议组织经验最为丰富的杰出模联人。他们曾经在历史悠久的 HMUN 会议及往届 HMUN China 会议中久经历练,并带着他们专业的模联经验与 严谨的模联态度投入到 HMUN  China  2019的组 织工作中。

 

Anthony I. Bogachev

秘书长 Secretary-General

Sidney C. Li

会议总监 Director-General

Urshella N. Hishaam

行政副秘书长 USG for Administration

Lily Z. Piao

运营副秘书长 USG for Operations

Nicholas E. Stauffer-Mason

学术副秘书长 USG for Committees

会议指导 | Committee Directors

16位来自哈佛大学的模联会议指导负责各委员会的学术准备及会议主持。他们是HMUN组委会从每年2月于波士顿举办的哈佛大学模拟联合国大会(HMUN)和大学生模联大会(HNMUN)中选拔出来的精英主席。他们在各自的议题领域里具有精到的见解,期待与与会代表进行交流和分享。

报名注册 | Apply Now

会议已于 2018 年 6 月 1 日正式开启报名,会议报名均以学校代表团的形式进行,5人以下代表团只能报名特殊委员会。指导教师须进入会议报名系统填写代表团信息。如有申请特殊委员会的代表,则须每人另行填写一份特殊委员会申请。由于申请会议的国内外代表数量较多且委员会名额有限,建议各代表团尽早完成报名流程,请在报名前认真阅读以下须知,详细了解会议相关政策

填写申请

进入会议报名系统,注册代表团账号后填写报名信息。报名申请以代表团的形式进行,每个代表团需至少有一位成年领队教师。建议填表工作由指导教师或代表团学生负责人来完成,避免同一代表团内多人重复申请。填表前请仔细阅读《报名表填写指引》中的各项信息。

录取通知

报名申请表提交后,组委会将会审核申请资料,并在10个工作日内向代表团发送邮件,通知代表团需缴纳的金额及缴费方式,确认参会名额数量。

完成缴费

代表团在收到组委会发送的确认邮件后,需按照邮件中的说明,收齐每位代表的费用后将全团参会费用通过一笔汇款汇入组委会指定账户。组委会在收到缴费后才进行国家分配,因此建议代表团尽快缴费,以便能够尽早获得国家分配。会议缴费截止日期为 2019年1月5日,在截止日期之后缴费将产生滞纳金。

会议准备

组委会将陆续公布各代表团国家分配,并发布各委员会背景文件。参会代表应围绕议题、国家、委员会进行充分的会前学术准备,并在2月25日前提交立场文件。代表团应在1月15日前提交代表姓名和免责声明,否则将产生滞纳金。

会议费:人民币1800元/人

HMUN CHINA 2018每位正式参会代表的会议费为人民币1800元,费用包含报名费、参会费、资料费。费用不包括会议期间的住宿、餐饮及交通费。

滞纳金: 在缴费截止日期(1 月5日)前未能完成缴费的代表团,需额外缴纳滞纳金 300 元 / 团。在指定日期(1 月 15 日)前未能上传代表姓名、或未提交《免责声明书》的代表团,同需额外缴纳滞纳金 300 元 / 团。

会前准备重要时间点

2018 年重要时间点

6月1日

★ 会议报名系统正式开启

>特殊委员会申请开放

10月13日

>主席助理申请截止

12月1日

>会议报名最终截止

>特殊委员会申请截止

2019 年重要时间点

1月5日

>会费缴纳截止

1月15日

>确定及提交代表姓名截止

>提交免责声明文件截止

2月25日

>立场文件提交截止

2月28日

>地球村报名截止

3月21日-24日

★ HMUN CHINA 2018正式会期

会议文件下载

报名表填写指引(英文)
各代表团进入会议报名系统填表前需认真阅读此份文件,详细了解关于代表团人数、国家意愿选择的相关政策。

各委员会国家席位参考表
查看每个联合国成员国在HMUN CHINA 2018各委员会中的代表席位,更有针对性地填报国家意愿。

免责声明文件
会议要求全部参会人员填写,签名后将扫件发送至组委会邮箱info@hmunchina.org,截止日期为2019年1月15日。

更多即将发布的会议文件,请持续关注此页面。

会议日程

2019年哈佛大学模拟联合国大会中国会议将于 3 月 21日至 24 日在北京举办,请各代表团根据会议注册及结束时间合理安排行程,全程参加会议。每日有领队教师会议,请领队教师全程参加。

  • 会议注册时间:3月21日(周四)08:00-14:00,会议开幕式预计将于15:00举行
  • 会议结束时间:3月24日(周日),会议闭幕式预计将于15:00前结束

组委会将在2019年3月初公布会议期间的详细日程安排,最终会议日程以注册报到当天发放的《会议手册》中的内容为准。

会议场地

会议将在位于北京CBD核心地带的JW万豪酒店举办。会场紧邻地铁1号线,距离首都国际机场半小时车程,周边餐饮、购物便捷, 为代表们提供高档、舒适、便捷、安全的参会环境。

住宿选择

会议所在酒店北京 JW万豪酒店地处北京长安街东沿线大望路地区,周边商业繁华,有不同价位及标准的酒店方便与会教师和学生们根据自身需求选择入住。选择入住会议举办酒店,即 JW万豪酒店和与其从内部连通的丽思卡尔顿酒店的代表团,可享受组委会与酒店协商的特别优惠入住价格。出于安全及便于参会的考虑,组委会强烈建议代表团选择入住会议酒店。会议酒店的优惠价格及热门房型在往年收到参会代表的强烈欢迎,因此建议您提早在会议官方网站上下载表格并预订房间。

餐饮安排

会议酒店内及周边步行距离范围内有众多不同类型、价位的餐厅,为代表们提供多样化的餐饮选择。 建议参会代表们与新结识的朋友们共同用餐,利用就餐时间充分交流与增进友谊。

主席助理(Assistant Directors)是 HMUN China 会议各委员会主席团的重要成员,将协助来自哈佛大学的会议指导(Directors)完成与委员会相关的各项学术和后勤工作,包括会议之中的观察代表讨论、解答代表提出的问题等。一场在学术和组织上都非常成功的委员会会议,需要主席助理与会议指导的默契配合与主席团的团队努力。

HMUN China 2019组委会将公开招募各委员会主席助理,招募对象面向全球各地的优秀高中生及大学生。符合要求的申请者需认真填写申请资料,并接受组委会的现场或视频电话面试。

主席助理申请入口(点击进入)

联系组委会

咨询电话:400-6656-176

地址:北京市朝阳区东大桥路8号SOHO尚都南塔801

会议咨询(报名请移步报名系统)

会前准备 | Conference Preparation

模拟联合国如同各项体育运动,需要通过不断的实战练习来提升参会技巧。我们希望代表们通过HMUN China的会前学术准备及为期四天高水平的会议,全面提升自身能力的同时掌握模联参会技巧。如果这是你的第一次参会经历也请不必担心,许多代表都是初次接触模联的新手,通过充分有效的会前准备依然可以弥补经验的不足。充分利用会议网站上的各种信息及委员会背景文件,是最有效进行会前调研及准备辩论的方法。会议期间,会议指导也会认真回答关于会议流程、议题内容的任何专业性问题。会议指导的邮箱地址可以在组织团队板块找到,我们鼓励代表们在会前与会议指导加强联络。

议题分析

代表们应该充分准备委员会可能讨论的议题。背景文件包含了关于议题的全面介绍与重点解析,是代表们获取委员会和议题信息的重要途径。在阅读背景文件过程中,要特别留意 “Questions A Resolution Must Answer”这一部分,因为其中包含了在会议中需重点磋商探讨的问题,以及代表最终提交的决议草案中应解决的问题。所有的背景文件都会包括一些参考书目或者推荐阅读的文献,代表们可以作为延伸资料阅读。

国家调研
对于即将代表的国家,不论是总体概况还是与议题相关的某一个特殊领域的详情,代表们均需做最充分地了解。背景文件包含了在议题所涉及的领域对国家集团立场做出分析的内容,代表们应该对他们所代表国家的特定立场有所了解。

《会前准备指南》

会议官方网站中包含有《会前准备指南》一项,帮助代表熟悉模联会议之前进行学术调研的方法与技巧。代表们在会议中的收获与会前准备所投入的努力是成正比的,充分的会前调研可以使会议中的讨论更加贴近国际关系中的现实博弈、更加激烈和有趣,使代表们更出色地做好对外交官的角色扮演。

立场文件

代表们需要在会前针对将要在会议中讨论的每个议题写作一份立场文件。《会前准备指南》及各委员会背景文件中将详细介绍立场文件的内容与格式要求。全部委员会的立场文件均需要在 2018年 2 月 25日前通过会议报名系统(MUNBase) 提交。

常见问题 | Frequently Asked Questions

本届 HMUN China 要求参会者为 9 至 12 年级的在校学生,鉴于本次会议的全部委员会及活动的官方语言均为英文,所以要求代表具备使用英文进行学术调研、口语表达、文件写作的能力;不论是经验丰富的模联高手,还是即将首次参加会议的代表,只要对国际事务和模联活动充满热情,均可以通过 HMUN China 锻炼与提升个人能力。

在本届 HMUN China 所有委员会中,只有部分特殊委员会可以采用个人名义申请,且只能单独申请并提交相关材料。除这部分特殊委员会外,整体的会议报名都是采用代表团申请的形式,同一学校的学生组成代表团。无论是以代表团形式还是个人申请,来京参会都需要有领队老师陪同。

HMUN China 将是参会代表们在中学阶段参加高水平国际会议的一次难得经历,增加自身的课外活 动履历。无论是会前学术准备还是会议中的辩论挫伤,都将有助于全面提升参会者的综合能力,既包括英语演讲能力、学术调研能力等硬实力,还包括领导力、团队合作能力、有效沟通能力等软实力。